Linux Ubuntu Course Outline

This article provides a course outline for my upcoming free course on Linux Ubuntu operating system. This course aims to equip IT professionals, system administrators, and developers with an in-depth understanding of Linux Ubuntu's operating system mechanics, administration, troubleshooting, and emerging technologies like containerization. Please find the Linux Ubuntu course outline as follows.

Course outline

Module 1: Introduction to Operating Systems Theory and Concepts

1.1 Introduction to Operating Systems

  • Definition, Functions, Types
  • Importance in Cloud Computing and AI technologies

1.2 Processes

  • Definition, Lifecycle, Scheduling

1.3 Coding for OS in C and Assembly

  • Examples and Use Cases

1.4 Drivers

  • Device Drivers, Types, Installation, and Management

1.5 Semaphores and Deadlocks

  • Concept and Prevention Techniques

1.6 Kernel vs User Memory Space

  • Memory Protection, Virtual Memory, Paging

1.7 Kernel vs Shell

  • Responsibilities, Interactions, and Differences

1.8 Memory Management

  • Allocation Methods, Swapping, Fragmentation

1.9 I/O Management and User Management

1.10 Disk and CPU Management

  • Disk Scheduling, CPU Scheduling Algorithms

1.11 Types of Linux Shell

  • Bash, Korn, Fish, etc.

1.12 Linux Distributions & Compatibility

  • Flavors of Ubuntu Server & Desktop
  • LTS and Other Versions
  • Product Lifecycle Policy

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Kernel Compilation
  • Process Monitoring


  • Quiz on OS concepts

Module 2: Types of Linux Shell and Syntax

2.1 Introduction to Linux Shell

  • Importance and Types

2.2 Command Syntax

  • Basic to Advanced Commands

2.3 Shell Applications

  • Terminal, Console, etc.

2.4 Shell Editors

  • vi, vim, nano

2.5 Help System

  • man, --help

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Command-Line Exercises


  • Practical Exam on Linux Shell

Module 3: Linux Ubuntu File System

3.1 Disk Types and Volumes


3.2 Partitions

  • Types, Best Practices

3.3 File Systems

  • ext4, NTFS, Interoperability

3.4 Ubuntu File System Structure

  • /home, /var, etc.

3.5 Mount Command

  • Syntax, Use-cases

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Disk Partitioning, Filesystem Mounting


  • Filesystem Management Quiz

Module 4: Linux OS Processes, Daemons, and Services

4.1 OS Processes

  • ps, top, htop

4.2 Daemons

  • Definition, Examples

4.3 System Services

  • systemctl, service

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Service Management


  • Practical Test on System Services

Module 5: Linux Logging System

5.1 Accessing Logs

  • /var/log, journalctl

5.2 Commands for Logs

  • grep, find

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Log Analysis


Module 6: Linux Ubuntu Package Management

6.1 Package Managers

  • apt, dpkg

6.2 Commands for Package Management

  • apt install, apt update

6.3 External Repositories

  • PPAs, Downloadable Packages

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Software Installation and Removal


  • Practical Test on Package Management

Module 7: Linux Ubuntu Desktop Environments

7.1 Desktop Environments


7.2 Remote Access

  • RDP, SSH, VNC, Spice

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Remote Desktop Configuration


  • Quiz on Desktop Environments

Module 8: Technical Troubleshooting

8.1 GUI Issues

  • Common Problems and Solutions

8.2 Kernel and Boot Issues

  • Recovery Mode, GRUB

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Troubleshooting Scenarios


  • Troubleshooting Quiz

Module 9: Administrative Operations

9.1 System Monitoring Tools

  • top, vmstat

9.2 Canonical Tools

  • Ubuntu Pro, Landscape

9.3 Cloud Deployment

  • AWS, Azure Ubuntu Instances

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Systems Administration


  • System Administration Quiz

Module 10: Virtualization and Containerization

10.1 LXC, Kubernetes, KVM

  • Concepts and Installation

10.2 CloudStack Configuration

  • Cloud Orchestration

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Container Deployment


  • Quiz on Virtualization and Containerization

Module 11: Custom Kernel Compilation

11.1 Linux From Scratch Project

  • Concepts and Practical Usage

11.2 MentOS Educational Distribution

  • Application and Advantages

Labs and Hands-on:

  • Kernel Compilation


  • Final Course Assessment


Given the complexities of the topics involved, especially within the realms of Kernel development and system services, a deep understanding of computer science principles is essential. Linux Ubuntu offers a robust architecture that is highly compatible with both enterprise-level applications and cloud computing solutions, particularly in AI-driven environments.

The course is designed to be hands-on, engaging the students in real-world examples that they might encounter in the IT industry. It should serve not just as a comprehensive guide to Linux Ubuntu but also as a foundation in understanding the principles of operating systems that govern cloud computing and AI technologies.

The business justification for such a comprehensive course is straightforward: Linux servers power much of the Internet, especially within large-scale cloud infrastructure. A solid understanding of Linux, particularly a widely-used distribution like Ubuntu, is crucial for IT professionals who aim to excel in areas like DevOps, sysadmin roles, and cloud infrastructure management. This course aims to bridge that knowledge gap, providing both theoretical background and practical skills.